How to Prepare Your Child for a Vaccination

Children dread clinic visits. They are afraid of the dentist. They are afraid of any doctor. But, they might even be more frightened about being injected by a needle. Even if you can memorize the top 10 vaccines your child should get, it is even more important for you to make your child actually receive these shots. But how to prepare your child for a vaccination, you may ask? This quick guide will show you.

Tips On How To Prepare Your Child For A Vaccination

  • Start correctly.

When learning how to prepare your child for a vaccination, it is important for you to know how you should approach your child regarding this situation. Some parents will tell their kids that the vaccination won’t hurt. This is a lie. It will hurt and the child may feel discomfort during and after administration of the vaccine. Rather than deceiving your child just to make him feel better, you have to explain the importance of vaccines for children. When they are old enough, you can explain to their level what the vaccine is all about.

ways on how to prepare your child for a vaccination

  • Encourage them to be strong.

Talking to your child will help him overcome the pain and discomfort. Let them know that these vaccines can make them healthier in the end. If you have really small kids, they might not be able to distinguish between stimuli that they should fear and one that is harmless, so you would have to explain things clearly to them, like what they should expect, and the benefits they will get thereafter.

  • Follow a good schedule.

The top 10 vaccines your child should get are given at definite times and intervals. Another important thing you should know about how to prepare your child for a vaccination is that you have to follow the schedule set for the vaccinations, and let your child know about the same. It might be traumatic for a child to get several vaccinations on the same day. So, you have to make sure that these shots are given at the most comfortable dates. Do not miss any appointments as your child might need extra shots for the missed doses.

  • Allay their fears.

When you know that your child is afraid, you have to be there by his or her side. You can be the only person that your child will trust. The doctors and the nurses will all look like enemies based on your child’s perception. Again, you have to adequately explain who they are, what they are going to do, and why these things need to be done. Even little kids can understand the importance of a healthy body when you know how to put it in the right context.

  • Be prepared.

Before your clinic visit, you have to be ready. Some kids would want to bring their toys with them. These toys can serve as their sources of security. Bringing food can also help distract them from the pain that is about to come.

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Of the top 10 vaccines your child should get, most, if not all of them have to be given via intramuscular injection. There are those that can be given as an oral solution as well as a nasal spray, but these are only for selected types of vaccines.

  • Offer rewards.

If your child exhibited good behavior before and during the administration of the vaccine, you might need to reward this behavior. You can see that on your next visits, your child will make you worry less about them being afraid of getting the shots.

So, aside from knowing the top 10 vaccines your child should get, you also have to be knowledgeable of the tactics on how to prepare your child for a vaccination, which you will use to make sure that your child successfully receives them.

Facts about the Chicken Pox Vaccine

Chicken pox vaccine is being used for a long time. It is also known as Varicella vaccine as the virus which causes chicken pox is called varicella. This vaccine works quite well and persons who are vaccinated with it rarely suffer from the disease. Even if a person gets chicken pox after vaccination, it is in a milder form and one has lesser pain and discomfort. Usually people get the virus during winter and spring.

Chicken Pox Vaccine Side Effects

If the vaccination has been administered on time, there are hardly any cases of side effects of the chicken pox vaccine.

  • The usual changes that are noticed after the vaccine is given are swelling or redness where the injection has been pushed.

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  • Unlike polio vaccine, there are no oral chicken pox vaccines and so people have to bear with the mild effects.

  • If severe changes are noticed after the chicken pox vaccine is given especially in children, they should be immediately taken to the doctor.

Chicken Pox After Vaccine

Chicken pox is such a disease that any one who goes too much near the infected person and has not been administered with a chicken pox vaccine is liable to get the disease. It is highly contagious and so it is especially advised that children should not go to school or out of doors when suffering from chicken pox.

  • Sometimes it is found that although a person had taken the chicken pox vaccine, he gets infected from outside.

  • In such cases, the effects of the disease are much lesser than those who are not immunized.

  • The swellings, rashes and pain are all milder and they recover easily also and does not suffer from excessive weakness.

Why Having a Chicken Pox Vaccine is Necessary

Children are liable to get infected with the painful disease very easily. It has been found that children below the age of 15 are more susceptible to the disease. It is very important to take the chicken pox vaccine in due time. Although it is considered as a mild disease, sometimes patients become seriously ill with pneumonia and swelling of the brain. Most parents stay away from work and stay indoors to avoid spreading the disease when their children are suffering from chicken pox.

Chicken Pox Vaccine Immunization Schedule

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The chicken pox vaccine schedule is as follows:

  • There are 2 doses in the case of vaccines for children.

  • When the child’s age is between 12 – 15 months then the first dose should be given.

  • When the children are 4 to 6 years of age, the second dose of chicken pox vaccine should be given.

For others, the doses vary like:

  • Those who are above the age of 13 and had not taken the vaccine before, must take 2 doses of the vaccine with a gap of 4 to 8 weeks in between each dose.

  • Again, older children who had taken 1 dose before and had not suffered from the disease, should take the 2nd dose for safety.

  • Adolescents, adults, health workers, those travelling for busines, college students, teachers and all elderly people can take the chicken pox vaccine to avoid severe attackes of chicken pox. In adult cases, the disease may turn out to be severe and unbearable.

Polio Vaccine: History, Side Effects, and Immunization Schedule

“Eradicate Polio” is the main motto of todays world. The consequences of the disease poliomyelitis is quite serious. It can cause paralysis and in some cases death also. Hence each and every person must be immunized with the Polio Vaccine.

Polio Vaccine History

Poliomyelitis has paralyzed the human race from time to time. Although there is no cure for the terrible disease, preventive medication was discovered in the 20th century in the United States, by Jonas Salk.

  • When Salk became the head of Virus Research Laboratory in Pittsburg University in 1947, he found that it was difficult to manufacture enough polio viruses to do the experiments. So, he required 3 basic strains of viruses to fight against polio.

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  • With collaboration, fantastic discoveries were made that will further advance the study on making polio vaccine. It was Harvard researchers like Weller, Enders and Robbins, who discovered that it was possible to grow the virus on pieces of tissues.

  • Enders’ team got penicillin from the tissues from where polio and mumps viruses were created in a large amount for study purposes.

  • The Nobel Prize in medicine/physiology was given to this team in 1954.

Jonas Salk Polio Vaccine

In 1952, he had experimented on children who had already recovered from Polio. When they were vaccinated there was an increase in the anti-bodies. He then tried the same polio vaccine on his own family members including himself. The result was amazing. No one fell sick but produced anti-bodies to fight any attacks of the disease.

  • Thus, in 1954 the polio vaccine was launched in the USA and children were inoculated and the results were fantastic.

  • However 11 persons died and so investigations began again.

  • Better standards of production was adopted and the results were immense.

  • 90 other countries began to use Salk’s Polio Vaccine by 1959.

Facts About the Polio and the Polio Vaccine

A virus is the source of Polio disease. It can spread via drinking water, through close contact and also due to poor resistance capacity of a person. As a protection against polio, a polio vaccine also known as IPV is given through injection or by using the vaccine drops that are administered in the mouth. An inactive polio virus (IPV) is the main constituent of the vaccine. Since it is in a dead form it does not cause polio. Polio vaccine is one of the most important and the first vaccine in a child’s immunization schedule.

Polio Vaccine Side Effects

know the polio vaccine side effects

Whenever some foreign bodies enter a body, there is bound to be some changes or side effects. In the case of polio vaccine, here are some side effects you would notice:

  • Minor side effects like redness at the point of injection or mild soreness, irritation, loss of appetite, tiredness or vomiting that disappear on their own.

  • If there are signs of reaction in a patient like pale skin, breathing problems, wheezing, high temperature, palpitation or dizziness— he should be treated immediately.

  • But if any serious changes are noticed in a person vaccinated with the polio dose, the doctor should be informed without delay. Severe cases are hardly reported.

Polio Vaccine Immunization Schedule

Together with the other mandatory vaccines for children, a strict immunization schedule for the polio vaccine should be maintained for children to prevent polio. They are:

  • First dose at 2 months.

  • Second dose at 4 months.

  • Third dose within 6 to 18 months.

  • Last dose when children are 4 to 6 years old.

Important Infant Vaccinations Parents Should Know

For parents who are concerned about the future state of health of their children, you should know about important infant vaccinations. These vaccinations may effectively protect a child from particular diseases. The child’s immune system is developed to be able to withstand infectious organisms and their effects.

Top 5 Vaccinations Your Child Should Get

There are a lot of important infant vaccinations that your child should get, but here are five of them that you should consider well for your child’s health and protection:

  • Vaccine #1. Flu Vaccine:

    One of the most common is the flu vaccine. The influenza vaccine can help children avoid possible serious complications caused by flu. These flu vaccines for children can come in the form of an injectable solution or one that is administered as a nasal spray. You can go to your family doctor to ask for proper administration of this vaccine.

essential and important infant vaccinations

  • Vaccine #2. MMR:

    Measles is another common condition that children need to be protected from. The MMR vaccine protects people not just from measles but also from mumps and rubella. Those who get the vaccine can get a very high chance of protection. Remember that measles can cause a lot of dangerous complications if not managed early in the disease process. Some cases may progress to respiratory infection, deafness and even brain damage, if not properly addressed.

  • Vaccine #3. Tetanus:

    The tetanus vaccine is essential for children to get. This is one of the many important infant vaccinations that can help improve the well being of a child and help him or her avoid life-threatening diseases. This disease can cause breathing complications as well as paralysis of the body. When there is a break in the skin, there is an opportunity for the bacteria that causes tetanus to get into the body. Your kids can usually play in the sand or on the ground. They may even go barefoot at several occasions. This makes them more susceptible to tetanus and even other infections.

These days, the vaccination for tetanus is added with important infant vaccinations for diphtheria and whooping cough. The child’s body, once properly vaccinated, is protected against the tetanus toxin.

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  • Vaccine #4. Polio Vaccine:

    Inactivated polio vaccine is given to children in order to protect them from polio. Polio is a disease that is characterized by minor as well as major symptoms. Severe cases can lead to paralysis on the affected extremities. The first dose is given starting the second month of life. At age 4 months, the child should receive another dose. A third dose is given when the child is 6 to 18 months old. Then a booster dose might be needed. This is given to a child when he or she is 4 to 6 years old.

  • Vaccine #5. Hepatitis A:

    Hepatitis A is a condition which might be spread via the oral-fecal route. The chance of your child getting this condition may be quite high. It may be spreadby one family member to another. It might also be transmitted via poorly prepared food. The child usually receives the Hepatitis A vaccine when he or she is 12 to 23 months old.

There are still a lot of important infant vaccinations that your child must receive. It is essential that you have your child vaccinated against the most common and the most serious diseases that are present out there.

Free Vaccines for Children Programs

The vaccines for children program has been running for nearly 20 years, and has dramatically improved the state of health care for many thousands of children each year, who would otherwise not have been able to afford to get vaccinated. The program supplies necessary vaccinations for a number of different illnesses and diseases, which have been fatal in the past to a large numbers of children.

Illnesses Covered By Vaccines

Some of the diseases that are vaccinated against in the free vaccines for children program include:

  • Polio

  • Measles

  • Diphtheria

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  • Pertusses

  • Rubella

  • Tetanus

Many of these illnesses used to be major killers and were a serious risk to the lives of many children; however, thanks to the vaccines for children program, these illnesses are now less seen by parents or doctors among children.

Vaccination Programs for Children

There are a variety of schemes in place, such as the Texas vaccines for children scheme, and these programs have been proven to be highly successful and beneficial to all children.

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Some people may be unsure about the reasons why it is necessary to get their children vaccinated, but the truth of the matter is very simple, the vaccines:

  • Build up the child’s immune system making them less likely to catch illnesses

  • Prevent the illnesses from spreading around the population

  • Protect those that are unable to get vaccinated from coming into contact with the illnesses

Young children are most at risk from contracting these serious illnesses, and due to their weaker immune systems, can become severely ill or even die as a result of contracting them. This is why the vaccines for children program is absolutely vital to the health of our children on both an individual and collective scale.

best vaccines for children program

The scheme has made large changes to the way in which these illnesses have been allowed to spread and cause suffering. Since the introduction of large scale vaccination programs, numerous cases of illnesses have all but disappeared, which proves the success rate of the programs. Offering the vaccines for free to people who are unable to afford them ensures that the health of children in the US is not determined by the amount of money their parents earn.

How Do The Vaccines Work?

Vaccines for children work by injecting a very small and weak form of the virus into the bloodstream. The cells in the blood detect an intruder and create antibodies to fight the infection.

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Once this has been done, the body will be able to reproduce large quantities of the antibody to fight off a real infection later on in life. Certain people are unable to have the vaccines, but if all of the other children in the area have received theirs, the chance of a wide spread case of the illness is reduced severely.

Some minor side effects can be seen with the vaccines, but these are to be expected and usually clear up within a short amount of time. Many of the vaccines for children last for an entire lifetime, so what better time to get protected than when the vaccinations are available for free?