Rules in Professional Boxing

Boxing now an official sport is a contest between two individuals using their fists. The game of boxing is governed by game referee. It is a game of several 1-3 minutes’ interval known as rounds. Winner is a contestant who becomes successful in knocking out his/her opponent and the opponent is not able to get up within the stipulated time.

There are two popular types of boxing i.e. professional boxing and amateur boxing. Amateur boxing is accomplished at games like Olympic Games and Commonwealth games. They are more of point scoring competitions where winner is declared on the basis of points won, while professional boxing is based on physical power.

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Rules and Guidelines in Professional Boxing:

In ancient times, the game of boxing took lives of many boxers because it was heavy weight boxing practiced without proper structure that can provide protection to the boxers. No rules and regulations pertaining to weight class, time limits or protective tools for boxing were defined.

In 1853, rules for boxing were defined which after many revisions are quite similar to professional boxing rules that exists today. The rules in professional boxing are governed on the basis of different parameters like:

Weight Rule

Before every boxing game, boxer has to undergo medical tests and examinations that determine the boxer’s health condition and weight requirements.

  • The professional boxing is categorized on the basis of weight class.

  • In order to participate in a particular weight class game, the boxer at times needs to shed or gain the weight to meet required weight class.

  • Professional boxing game has 9 weight classes: Straw weight, Welterweight, Flyweight, Lightweight, Bantam weight, Featherweight, Middleweight, Light heavyweight, and Heavyweight.

Protection Clothing Rule

  • As per the weight class, the boxers are required to wear 6, 8 or 10 oz. weight gloves.

  • The gloves are to be worn after wrapping hands with appropriate bandages.

  • Boxers can strike only when their gloves are on.

  • In professional boxing game, boxing headgear is prohibited.

  • Use of Vaseline or grease on the body is allowed in professional boxing.

  • Mouth piece is to be worn to protect teeth and athletic cup to safeguard groin area.

Boxing Ring Rule

  • The boxing ring has to be square shaped and the size should be 16-24 square feet.

  • The ring needs to be well constructed with proper floor padded with rubber or soft cloth.

  • The minimum floor height should be 1m and maximum should be 1.2m. There should be 3 set of steps available to reach the platform and the height of steps should be 25 cm each.

Time Rule

  • The professional boxing game comprise of 14 rounds, each round of 3 minutes with 1 minute of rest between 2 rounds.

  • The calculation of scores is done on the basis of rounds won.

  • The winner of a round scores 10 points while the loser of the same round gets negative points depending upon his/her performance in that particular round.

Knockdown rule

  • Knockdown is when any part of boxer’s body except the feet touch the floor.

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  • In case of knockdown of one boxer, the other boxer has to return to the neutral corner of the ring.

  • The referee starts counting up to 10 and if the boxer manages to get up before the referee reaches the 8th count, the fight continues – otherwise it is a win by knockout.

  • If a boxer is knocked down thrice in a round, it is an automatic knockout.

  • Another way of judging the winner is by considering judges decision and it is referred to as technical knockout.

Basic Game Rule

  • Blows delivered to the opponent cannot be below the waist area and nowhere on the back of the head.

  • Opponent down of the ground or on his/her knee could not be hit.

  • Game referee has all the rights to disqualify the boxer or give him negative points.

Safety Rules for Boxing

Boxing is a game or a contest held in between two individuals who defend themselves using their fists. Boxing was initiated back in ancient Greek as an Olympic game while the modern version of boxing developed in Europe. In ancient days, boxing as a game was not regulated by rules and regulations which resulted in the loss of many boxers’ life. In 1853, the rules for boxing were first framed and written by John Graham Chambers. By then many revisions have been made in the rules to make it more profound for the safety of both the boxers and the game as a whole.

Boxing is categorized broadly into two types i.e. the amateur boxing and the professional boxing. While the amateur boxing is practiced at collegiate level where point system based scoring decides the winner, the professional boxing is more of strength showing game where the weight and power concludes the winner. Both the forms of boxing categories have their own set of rules with few differences.

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General Safety Guidelines in both Professional and Amateur Boxing

The two forms of boxing have their own set of rules, but boxing associations all around the world have framed safety rules for boxing that aims at safeguarding the wellbeing of the athlete and respect of the sport for its long endurance.

Medical examinations and tests

As the key motive of safety rules is to safeguard the athletes taking part in boxing contest, as per the safety norms, boxers are medically examined by an approved physician both before and after the contest.

  • Every boxer has to pass through the examination and the test determines facts about athlete’s medical history. It determines whether the athlete doesn’t have history of blood pressure, diabetes, persistent headaches or torso pain.

  • The test also includes evaluation through an EKG exercise every 5 years for 45 plus age boxers.

  • Boxers are also checked for particular diseases like HIV, Hepatitis B and hepatitis C and if they are found positive, they are not allowed to participate.

  • They are even checked for their vision.

Safety stuff

Again, the safety rules for boxing have laid down measures to physically guard the boxer from direct blows on some delicate parts of the body. Safety rules are framed to protect head, mouth, hands, chest and groin of a boxer.

  • As per the safety rules, the boxer have to wear boxing headgear that is usually a multi layered and gel lined apparatus that covers ears, head, cheek and at times chins.

  • Mouth gear is worn to protect teeth.

  • Gloves of appropriate weight i.e. 6, 8 and 10 oz. are worn to provide buffer to the hands in order to protect skin from tearing and bones from breaking.

  • In case of female boxers, breast protectors are worn to safeguard the torso and in case of male boxers, athlete cups are worn to safeguard groin area.

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Ring

  • The boxing ring shoul always be 16 to 20 feet square within the ropes and it should be 4 feet above the ground.

  • Moreover, the floor of the ring should be padded using premium quality rubber or foam to provide better buffer to boxers when they knockdown.

Basic Rules on Hitting/Blowing

Boxing is a game of blows, but still they are governed by safety rules.

  • A boxer cannot hit the opponent below the belt.

  • Blow should hit on the knuckle of closed glove, on either side of the front head or body and not on any part of a boxer’s back.

  • Negative points are given and at time boxers are also disqualified for breaking these blow rules.

A Simple Guide to Finding the Right Boxing Equipment

Boxing is a dynamic sport that has grown tremendously ever since 688 BC when the Greeks included it in the Olympic games. Back then, they used their bare fists and basically no other boxing equipment. In the modern version of the sport, however, protective hand gear is required to mitigate injuries.

Boxing is no longer a game defined in terms of amateur and professional boxing, but it has become a great form of exercise for ordinary people. This once scary sport thought to be rough and violent can now help you relieve stress, burn calories, build muscles, and gain strength and agility. However, regardless of why you are engaging in boxing, having the right boxing equipment is of utmost priority. You could be just sparring with a partner in the gym or you are considering having a boxing home gym. Either way, you need to know how to find the right equipment for you.

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Prior to purchasing boxing equipment, you need to determine your level of interest in boxing. If your goal is to box casually, then you will only need basic equipment. If you are aspiring to be a professional boxer, you will need a comprehensive boxing kit. In spite of this, some boxing training equipment is necessary.

Most Essential Basic Boxing Equipment

1) Hand gloves and hand wraps

Your boxing gloves must fit the kind of training you are engaging in.

  • Training gloves are used while training, either for pad work or on the punch bag.

  • On the other hand, sparring gloves, together with other boxing equipment are required for competitions.

  • It is advisable to get hand gloves you can use for all purposes.

  • The gloves should fit well and you should choose the size depending on your body weight and how you expect to use the glove.

  • Also, take note that for competitions, the glove sizes are often specified in relation to your weight category.

  • Put on your hand wraps before the gloves to protect your knuckles and wrists.

2) Boxing Headgear

You might not need this when you are just doing a punch bag workout at home, but for professional training, this piece of boxing equipment is vital.

  • A boxing headgear offers protection against injuries during training or competitions, for instance, from falling on a hard surface.

  • Make sure to get the right size for your head or one that you can adjust to fit easily.

3) Mouthpiece

Even though a mouthpiece is easily affordable, it should not be taken for granted. You could easily clip your teeth or bite your tongue during training without a mouthpiece. Thus, protect your teeth and jaw with a mouthpiece that molds perfectly to your mouth

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Useful Points for Buying Boxing Equipment

There are so many brands of boxing equipment out there. The brand you choose matters a lot because it could determine largely how much you spend. Nonetheless, this does not mean that the best brands are necessarily more expensive. You can even find cheap Everlast boxing equipment from their different lines meant to cater for diverse needs. Note that these cheaper options do not translate to lower quality.

It is also possible to find cheap deals for boxing equipment for sale in online stores where they also offer discounts. However, if you are keen on being a professional boxer and engaging in numerous competitions, it is wise to consider investing in expensive boxing equipment. This are special equipment designed for professionals.

Boxing Gloves: Basic Safety Gear for Boxing Enthusiasts

The power within a boxer’s powerful punch is dependent on his choice of his boxing gloves. His training staff see to it that he wears only the perfect pair whenever he goes up in the ring to fight.

Subsequently, boxing gloves were not worn during the early days of boxing. Boxers fight with their bare knuckles until it was banned and the revival of the boxing bout brought the mandatory wearing of boxing gloves in 1867. The first padded gloves were introduced in the 19th century, which has the primary goal of protecting the hands on the boxers. The most popular modern boxing gloves is Everlast boxing gloves that was introduced in the fighting arena in 1910.

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Different Types of Modern Boxing Gloves

Modern boxing gloves vary in styles and weights to fit a boxer’s needs. These gloves are oftentimes worn over hand wraps to give added protection to the delicate metacarpal bones of the hands.

  • Speed Boxing Gloves: A boxer wear a light vinyl gloves or leather mitten during his speed bag work outs. This particular gloves is called speed boxing gloves which gives protection against scrapes and contusions.

  • Bag gloves: This type, on the other hand is worn during practice on the punching bags. This boxing gloves are worn during training for greater endurance during the actual match.

  • Sparring gloves: These are worn during sparring practices.

  • Heavy weight gloves: These are for amateur and professional fights which ranges from 8 to 10 ounces and dependent on the agreed bout contract.

Before a boxer goes up in the ring, his boxing gloves are laced and seal them with a tape which is signed by a boxing official. This lacing, taping and signing is mandatory to ensure that there is no tampering done by both opponents.

In the amateur boxing bout like the Olympic boxing matches, it is mandatory to wear boxing headgear and boxing gloves. This is to ensure boxer’s safety and to reduce incidents of head injuries.

There are boxers who will only fight if they are allowed to wear their prescribed boxing gloves. Many of these gloves have been part of their winning moments and became as popular as the boxer himself and have turned into a collector’s item.

Boxing Gloves for Women

With the introduction of boxing bout for women, boxing gloves for women are now available.

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  • The same padded and laced materials are found in boxing gloves for women but of course with less weight and padding and are colored pink to distinguish them from the usual boxing globes.

  • These pink boxing gloves for women are available for light practices and are useful for boxing as a form of exercise.

With the mandatory wearing of boxing gloves, the reduction of death and injuries is reported to be very significant. Cuts and eye injuries has been reduced especially by thumbless boxing gloves. However, there is no significant reduction of head injuries but there is a notable low death rate in boxing bouts which is credited to the use of the boxing gloves.

Boxing gloves is the boxer’s shield of protection but also a source of the power within his winning punch.

Boxing Headgear: An Essential Safety Gear for Boxing

Boxing is one of the oldest Olympic sports, and in the amateur game, all boxers are required to wear boxing headgear as the main objective to show skill and technique and not to cause damage.

Boxing is often seen to be violent and brutal, but this is not the whole story, and in fact it is a very popular sport for all types of people due to its physical and mental benefits. Boxing has long been seen as a great way to exercise the whole body, and when practiced in the right way, can be a good way to develop mental strength, too.

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Basic Essentials in Boxing Equipment

  • Gum shield: a gum shield is worn to protect the teeth and jaw from the impact of the punches. This not only prevents boxers from losing teeth, but also lowers the chance of a knockout.

  • Boxing Gloves: Boxing gloves are used in order to lower the impact of the punches to the body, and to protect the hands from the repetitive impacts endured.

  • Wrist Straps: The wrists and hands are strapped up underneath the gloves in order to protect the bones.

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  • Boxing Headgear: headgear is required for all amateur boxing, and is worn in order to protect the head from repeated impacts.

  • Boots: The boots worn by boxers are specially designed to protect the ankles from rolling over.

Boxing Headgear Requirements

There are a number of legal requirements that must be adhered to for any amateur boxer wishing to get into the ring. Only the best boxing headgear is approved by the boxing governing body, and this is the boxing headgear that has been passed through rigorous testing to ensure that is adequately protects the wearer. There will be specific requirements for different boxing associations and at different levels, so it is best to check with your local association before purchasing.

The primary function is to keep your head protected from the blows encountered, but after this, you also need to consider comfort, as you do not want the boxing headgear to become a hindrance to you if it does not fit correctly. Correct fitting of boxing gloves and headgear is essential for your safety, so ensure that you spend time looking for the right equipment.

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How to Select the Correct Headgear

  • Make sure that you are fully aware of the specific regulations for your boxing association.

  • Look at the padding of the boxing headgear, the thicker the better, as you want it to fit snugly onto your head and provide the maximum amount of protection.

  • Try on the headgear to ensure the correct fit. It should be comfortable, and covers the forehead, temples, back of head and ears.

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  • Ideally, look for headgear that comes with padded cheek straps, as this offers extra protection.

  • Inspect the headgear to ensure that it is in good condition and does not have any loose stitching. This is especially important if you are purchasing a second hand one.

If you are unsure of which boxing headgear to purchase, reading a boxing headgear review could be a good idea to give you some more knowledge.