Migraine is caused by the enlargement of blood vessels, which then triggers the release of chemicals from the nerve fibers of the large arteries that surround the brain. These chemicals then cause the inflammation and aggravate the vasodilatation of the artery, which results in the increase of pain. This release of chemicals is usually connected with severe stress and tension which affects the supplication of blood to the brain. Migraine is a really bothersome and painful condition that needs to be recognized before it can even get worse. To know whether you are about to experience one, here are some migraine headache symptoms that usually accompany it.
Symptoms and causes of migraine headaches differ and vary for each individual. Thus, there are no fixed lists of associated signs of a migraine headache. However, most of the attacks are usually pre-indicated by the aura, or visual disturbance, that a person will experience before the excruciating headache happens. This aura is characterized by the zigzagged lines and flashing, brightly-colored lights in one’s sight, blurred vision, eye pain, or temporary blindness in one spot (scotoma). This aura is usually experienced 24 hours or even just a few minutes prior the attack. Elderly patients can suffer this symptom sans the headache. Some other migraine headache symptoms would also include pain on one side of the head. This pain is usually moderate to severe and which is usually pulsating or throbbing. The pain is also felt near the temples, neck, behind the head, and at the back of the eyes. This pain can last for a few hours, with the pain increasing as time passes. Severe cases can even last for the entire day or more. Usually, too, the patient will also be more sensitive to light and sound; thus, they usually just stay inside a room to get themselves away from these distractions. Patients experiencing it would also report on having migraine headache symptoms like, numbness, frequent urination, weakness, excessive sweating, loss of concentration and appetite, dullness of the mind, sleepiness, depression, yawning, and neck pain. Other than that, symptoms of migraine headache would also include nausea, vomiting, chilling, and extreme fatigue. These symptoms are usually offshoots of the pain brought about by the migraine.
Because of the recurring nature of migraine, most patients can already see a pattern on signs of a migraine headache and are already forewarned about an incoming migraine attack. Because of this, doctors and specialists usually suggest a patient to keep a headache diary that will track these headaches and the associated migraine headache symptoms that go with it, so that prescribing medications for the patient is easier.