Digging a drainage ditch is important to avoid nasty emergencies such as a sudden leak in the toilet or a wet ceiling because of a broken pipe. If there is a water build-up problem, a drainage ditch is an absolute necessity. The ditch will create a pathway for all the excess water to collect in one place so that overflow is avoided and it meets an exit point such as a pond or a small stream. There are different steps that you must follow in order to dig a drainage ditch. You should make sure it is durable and that is why you should be aware of what you are doing. Here are a few steps to help you with the installation process.

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Making A Drainage Ditch

  • You first need to determine the route. Make sure your route is as close as possible to the natural flow of water. Always go with the flow as that’ll be easier where the slope is descending. You can change the direction if you like too. You might need a drainage ditch liner for this.

  • Make sure all the vegetation is cleared from the route of the ditch. If you don’t want to discard them, plant them elsewhere in your property. Don’t discard the top soil. You can use it in other places.

  • Dig a deep ditch into the ground now and make sure it is wider than it’s depth. This is because you need to create a slope into the center of the trench. 2:1 ratio is advisable. Make sure there are no steep sides on your ditch so that you avoid problems. Continue downhill, making sure you maintain the shape throughout.

  • Use field stone and large crushed rock to layer the trench first. Larger stones may be placed on the sides to keep the shape defined and to help the ground cover and your ditch is ready.

  • You may also try drainage ditch landscaping by planting vegetation around it. Vegetation will also prevent your drainage ditch from expanding or collapsing if it doesn’t have concrete walls.

The Common Types Of Drainage Ditch

digging a drainage ditch

  • Open Ditch: This is the ditch whose construction has been described in the article. It is the most common.

  • Sub surface Ditch: As the name suggests, this drainage ditch is installed under the soil. Pipes used are larger so as to avoid trouble in the future. The ditch is generally levelled with the root zone.

  • Gravel Trench: This is something that is avoided by many because it can make your backyard look shabby. You can always cover it up with gravel but that will only increase the chances of it clogging up.

Factors To Be Considered

  • Make sure there is no risk of soil erosion.

  • Make sure it is durable and the foundation is good because it could lead to a flood if it is weak and prone to damages.

  • Make sure you install it properly because a blockage can lead to severe problems in the working of the drainage basin.

It is important for the drainage ditch to be properly installed for you to live conveniently without water problems.