There are many types of willow trees, and all are deciduous, losing their leaves during certain parts of the year.

Features of Willow Trees

Some are shrub-like and some are creeping shrubs. All types of willow trees have rich bark, with heavy sap and supple, slim branches. Their roots are tough and their leaves are usually serrated, elongated or oval and typically colored from yellow to blue. Flowers on all types of willow trees are in the form of catkins, or cylindrical clusters of flowers. Because willows seek out moistures, they are often found growing near streams or bodies of fresh water.

Popular Types of Willow Trees

  • Golden Curls – This is a type of Peking willow with curly, corkscrewed leaves. It grows to thirty feet and does well near the seaside and is not invasive.

different types of willow trees

  • Dark Leaved Willow – An upright bush, this is an elegant ornamental. It grows to thirteen feet and likes moist soil, particularly stream banks.

  • Flame Willow – The branches stay fiery red all year and grow to thirteen feet.

  • Slender or Meadow Willow – Native to North America’s Midwest, it is found along streams and in wet meadows. Tolerant of poor soil, it grows to twenty-five feet only.

  • Siberian White or Silver Leaved Willow – This type keeps its bright silver leaves well into the winter. It grows to thirty-two feet.

  • Dappled or Variegated Willow – A shrub that grows to six feet, this is one of the types of willow trees that is a strikingly beautiful ornamental. Its leaves, which are on branches that will droop, are variegated in white with pink and green and turn orange and red in winter.

  • Black Maul or Almond Leaved Willow – Used for basketry, this type draws butterflies and bees. It grows to thirty-five feet, with seven-foot rods.

  • Pussy Willow – This is one of the most well known types of willow trees. This type has the famous bottle-brush flowers appearing in late winter.

Weeping willow trees are one of the most well known types of willow trees. Weeping willow trees are fast-growing, with graceful, sweeping branches forming a beautiful canopy. They can grow to a width of thirty-five feet and as high as fifty feet. Often growing near rivers, streams, wetlands and lakes, a weeping willow tree will grow just about anywhere, as they are very adaptable, even to some drought.

Best Known Weeping Willow Trees

popular items for weeping willow tree

  • Thurlow Weeping or Wisconsin Willow – Elegant and hardy, this weeping willow is quite tolerant of soil conditions but looks best in an open area that will show off its very long and pendulous branches.

  • Weeping Pussy Willow – The Salix caprea pendula has huge catkins drooping to the ground.

Planting

All types of willow trees prefer moist soil but will tolerate dry areas if they are regularly watered. Their size necessitates quite a bit of room, especially for their huge root system. The best time to plant them is the end of January to mid-March as they like to be in full sun.

Care and Maintenance

Fertilize the soil around newly planted trees to promote the growth of roots and help the tree tolerate stress with 10-10-10 or 20-20-20 fertilizer. When mature, soil around the trees should also be fertilized to sustain them. Prune young trees to promote growth, remove dead or broken branches on mature trees and remove suckers.

Whether used as a windscreen, for privacy or simply as a showpiece, all types of willow trees are adaptable and can beautify the surroundings.