Since there are different types of migraines, doctors find it hard to diagnose and treat. Which is why to make it easier for them to give an accurate diagnosis of the said medical condition; they categorized it into 2 types of migraines: migraines without aura and migraine with aura. Aura would refer to the visual sensations that a person would experience five to thirty minutes prior the migraine attack. This aura is characterized by the zigzagged lines, flashing lights, tunnel vision, and a temporary blind spot that the migraine sufferer will experience. Sometimes too, it disables or weakens the ability of the sufferer to speak, smell, and move.
1 out of 5 people who experience migraine will usually experience this aural symptom, while most of the patients will have migraines without aura. Under these 2 main categories are some more several sub types of migraines. To give you additional information about these types of migraine headaches, here is an overview about them and the symptoms associated with them.
Basilar migraines: A rare form of migraine that happens suddenly; this condition usually affects the sufferer with feelings of dizziness, confusion, weakness in the limbs, and lack of balance. It also results in the person to have visual hallucinations, loss of ability to speak properly, nausea and vomiting, and ringing in the ears. This type of migraine usually happens to young women due to hormonal changes they experience during menstrual migraine.
Abdominal migraines: This is one of the types of migraines that doctors find hard to diagnose since the pain occurs in the abdomen, usually in the middle part. It is usually associated with diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting. The attack can last for hours and is more commonly experienced by children.
Ophthalmoplegic migraines: The pain felt during this migraine attack happens in the eyeball and can last from a few days to months. It is caused by an excessive pressure on the nerves on the eye’s back area and can be accompanied with paralysis in the area surrounding the eye. It is one of the most severe and rare migraines requiring medical attention.
Ocular migraines: One of the most common types of migraines, ocular migraine can either preceded, accompanied, or followed with a headache; usually on the same side where the sufferer will experience visual disturbances like blurred vision, or sometimes even, temporary blindness. It can last for a few minutes to several hours. When you experience one, seek medical attention since it can lead to permanent blindness.
These are just four of the many types of migraines. To know about the other types, you can refer to online journals or medical websites that tackle them. These online websites also usually have corresponding treatment options and suggestions that can be applied for the many types of migraines.