Though it is something that all of use every single day, toothpaste is something that we rarely give much thought to. Have you ever wondered about toothpaste ingredients or how toothpaste was invented?
It may surprise you to learn that toothpaste was being used in ancient Egypt as much as 2,500 years ago. However the ingredients in toothpaste in such primitive times is something you wouldn’t be able to imagine putting in your mouth today. They used a combination of egg shells, crushed bone or oyster shells to remove debris from in and around the teeth, probably doing the teeth more harm than good when you think about it.
It wasn’t until as late as the 1800s that the first more recognizable forms of toothpaste were manufactured, using a combination of common household toothpaste ingredients like chalk, salt and soap. These were used until the discovery of fluoride in 1914. Since that time almost 100 years ago, modern toothpaste brands incorporate a lot more ingredients that have been proven to be more effective in both removing debris from your teeth but also providing protection against a whole host of common dental infections.
As mentioned above, the most important components in toothpaste ingredients is fluoride. Why? Simply because it is proven to be the most reliable in preventing cavities. Other common toothpaste ingredients include antimicrobial agents which eliminate the bacteria that is associated with plaque. Such agents effectively search out and destroy bacterial cells and are one of the most vital components of toothpaste because they destroy dental plaque which eventually leads to gum disease if left untreated.
Other common toothpaste ingredients include surfactants, otherwise known as foaming agents which help remove debris that is lodged between the teeth. There are also de-sensitizing components which block those painful hot and cold sensations that you get sometimes and also tartar removing agents which remove the calcium and magnesium from your saliva which can be deposited on the teeth as tartar if you don’t brush your teeth regularly.
If you use Colgate toothpaste then you should know that the basic Colgate toothpaste ingredients are really no different to any other brands like Crest, Pepsodent, Mentadent and others. The exceptions are of course toothpastes that are designed for people with sensitive teeth or dentures. You also have particular varieties that are supposed to last longer or give you more protection, but in general these are simply marketing ploys on the part of the manufacturer to get you to buy their product.
You will find that even the cheapest, no-name brands will work just as well, provided they have the same basic list of toothpaste ingredients that their competitors do. This is easily checked by simply looking on the back of the packet in the supermarket before you buy and comparing the various different brands.