The uses of a microscope are very significant in scientific studies and in other fields. A microscope is used to view things that are too tiny to be seen by the naked eye or to blow up the visual size of an item. A microscope lab may be found in a police precinct, a forensic lab or a school laboratory.

Uses of a Microscope

The list below details the uses of a microscope in various fields and how one is used:

  • Used In Biological Research: A microscope can be used in biological research to investigate the structure of plants and animals. Plants and animals are usually made up tissues, which in turn are made up of cells. The cells are tiny components that cannot be seen by the human eye.

different uses of a microscope

  • Used In Physics: Microscopes are used in physics to view atoms. Atoms are the smallest known elements that make up all physical matter. An atom and the electrons and protons that make it up can only be viewed by an electron microscope.

  • Used In Forensics: One of the more significant uses of a microscope is in examining forensics and ballistics evidence. Microscopes can be used to assess the structure of microscopic evidence such as very tiny bits of hair left at the scenes of crime. A simple analysis in a microscope lab can be used to put criminals behind bars.

The uses of a microscope will depend on the type of microscope being used. A microscope lab can contain electron microscopes, fluorescent microscopes and light microscopes. Nonetheless, the basic functioning of a microscope is the same across the board.

Mechanism of a Microscope

different types of microscope lab

The microscope functions by use of lenses to expand the specimen under it. The basic technology is the use of lenses to magnify the object. Artificial or natural light is used to aid in the magnification. The light source ought to be very bright in order to aid the visualization.

The microscope generally consists of the following sections:

  • The Eyepiece: The eyepiece is the lens through which you look in order to view. It is located at the top of a microscope. The lens may blow up the object to a scale of around five times.

  • The Objective Lenses: To aid in the uses of a microscope, the objective lenses are fitted. The objective lenses are of medium, small and large magnification.

  • The Stage: The stage is where the object or the specimen that you are looking at is placed. In a microscope lab, you will find that a slide holding the specimen is placed on the stage. The slide is usually a small thin slab made of glass.

  • The Focus: The Focus can be altered to be more refined so as to produce better and clearer images. The focus is altered using a set of knobs known as the fine focus knob and the coarse focus knob. In the case of electronic microscopes this is done by the use of computer software.

With advances in technology, the uses of microscopes can only be more and more advanced.