Basketball is one of the most played, not to mention most watched, team games in the world. It is one for the young and old alike. The high paced game will surely keep everyone on their toes. To better understand why a lot of people are so hooked into the game, here’s a good look at its history and evolution.
The history of basketball
The basketball game was invented in December 1891 by a Springfield, Massachusetts Physical Education professor, Dr. James Naismith. He came up with the game on one rainy day in his gym class at the YMCA. The purpose of the game was to keep his students occupied with a physical activity indoors.
The first few of the basketball game that Dr Naismith invented made use of peach baskets that were elevated on a 10-foot high track which acted as goals. Since the peach baskets remained as they are, his students had to manually retrieve the ball from the baskets at every point scored. This later on proved too taxing and so they have decided to remove the bottom of the baskets altogether so the ball would just fall off of it after each goal.
Initially, the basketball game was played using a soccer ball before the basketball-specific ones were invented. Much, much later in the 1950s, Tony Hinkle invented the ball as the world knows it today: the bright orange one.
The rules of playing a basketball game
The first official basketball game rules were created in the year 1892. Players were required to dribble a ball on a court of unspecified dimension. The team would earn points by managing to land the ball into the basket.
Today, there are varying rules regarding a basketball game, depending on whether it is amateur or professional. Professionally, too, the rules vary (though only slightly) depending on which league it is played; for example, the dimensions of the painted area in the American professional basketball league, NBA, is slightly wider than that of the ones followed in the European Leagues. College basketball leagues also follow different rules, as well as the Olympics.
However, there are generic rules that apply to most every kind of basketball game. Here are some examples (followed except in most college games):
*Two teams will play against each other in a basketball game. Each team is composed of ten to twelve players, but only five players from each team are allowed on the court at the same time, the rest will stay on the bench. The only people allowed on the court other than the players are the referees who will officiate the game.
*The basketball game is divided into four quarters that play for ten to twelve minutes each. Teams are allowed a set number of time outs that the coaches can consume anytime. A game begins with a jump ball at the center of the court. After two quarters, or a half, a 15-minute halftime break is allotted. After which, the teams change goals and the games resume.
*Points are scored by getting the ball inside the opponent’s ring. A player can either score two points or three points per shot. One point is given for free throws.
*Free throws are earned when an opposing player or team (or coach) commits fouls. A foul can be a shooting foul (foul is committed at the act of shooting, number of free throws depend on whether the foul was made at the two-point or three point area), intentional foul, flagrant foul, or technical foul.
*Common violations in a basketball game include travelling (running without dribbling the ball), getting the ball out of bounds (getting the ball outside of the line), stepping on the line, goaltending, basket interference, and shot clock violations.
*The jerseys of the players have to have the team’s logo on the front with player name on the back, and their respective player number on both front and back. For example, the Lakers jersey has the Lakers logo on the front, a player’s number and name on the back side.
*A game is decided on who gets more points when the shot clock expires. In case of a tie at the end of the game, a five minute overtime is allowed.