Many different types of heating systems are used in homes. Some use hot air while others use water. There are some that even use the dirt beneath your home. Here, you will get brief descriptions about different types of home heating systems. Based on what they use to heat your home, there are five main categories of home heating systems.
1. Forced Air
4. Radiant Heat and
5. Steam Radiant
Home Heating Systems
The function systems of the mentioned heating systems and their pros and cons are mentioned below.
1. Forced Air: This is the most common type of heating system used in homes. A forced air heating system uses fuels like natural gas, oil or electricity to heat the air in a furnace and then distribute it with the help of ductworks and registers.
- Only system that can be used for both cooling and heating
- Air can be filtered
- Air can be humidified or dehumidified
- The system is quite inexpensive
- The system’s furnace can attain the highest rate of Annual Fuel Utilization Efficiency (AFUE)
- Installation process is quite complex since it requires more wall space utilization
- The system requires regular maintenance and the air needs to be filtered. Otherwise, it can distribute allergens.
2. Hydronic or Hot Water Baseboard: As the name suggest, this system uses hot water for the heating purpose. An electricity, gas, oil or propane powered boiler heats water and then they are piped to the fin-tube baseboard units installed along the walls. The whole system functions through a combination of convection and radiation.
- Efficient at utilizing energy
- Does not make any irritating noise
- Closed control of temperature
- Parts of walls where the radiation and convection units are mounted must remain unobstructed
- Temperature rising rate is slow
- Separate ductwork and cooling systems required
3. Geothermal: Geothermal heating system is the latest method of making your home warm or cool. The technology used in this system is called Geothermal Heat Pump or GHP. These pumps follow the function method of refrigerators and the system can run in reverse. The basic is to take heat from one place and deposit it into another. When ground loop geothermal system is used, heat is deposited to or taken from the earth with the help of these loops.
- So energy efficient that it can save up to 70% on heating and up to 50% on cooling costs over other systems.
- Very expensive
4.Radiant Heating: This system uses the radiation heat-transfer method. This heating system provides the most comfortable and natural heat among all the systems. This system includes potbelly stoves, in-floor tubing and such. Water heated by a boiler is distributed through the pipes in the in-floor tubing system. The stoves usually use wood, coal and such energy sources.
- Every part of the house is heated evenly
- Boilers can be quite energy efficient
- Slow heating process
- Expensive installation system
- Maintenance can be very difficult.
5. Steam Radiant: This is the classic heating system that uses heat radiated from steams to heat the room. There are two types of steam radiant heating systems available: One-pipe and Two-pipe. This system uses the steam piping along with the radiation units to distribute heat.
- The heating process is very fast
- The heat is very comfortable
- Unfortunately the radiators are quite eyesores
- Separate ductwork and cooling system required.
Other than the mentioned heating systems, you can also choose heaters. Eden Heater is one of the most reputed heaters available in the market and they are produced by Affordable Heating LLC. Apart from its effectiveness and ease of use, an Eden Heater is safe for everyone around it. These heaters use infrared technology to heat the room so the process is very quick.