Surgical scissors are not only found on your favorite television shows. These medical instruments are responsible for saving lives and transplanting organs. They differ from standard scissors used for everyday use such as in offices and schools. While there are many different types of scissors they typically fall into only a couple of categories.
The way they are designed is for a particular use or surgery. In many cases, the original name of a surgical instrument is either named after the inventor or the surgical procedure it is designed to assist.
Classification of Surgical Scissors
When it comes to classifying types of surgical scissors, you have ring or spring scissors. The ring scissors look a lot like normal scissors do; you have two loops to put your fingers through for operation. Spring scissors operate by springs. They have a pivot point and the cutting end opens when you let off pressure on the two prongs stemming from the pivot point. The blades are arranged in a varied way as well. Their combinations include:
- blunt/blunt blades
There are many individual types of surgical scissors. You can see a listing of some common surgical scissors names here:
- Dissecting scissors – These are a type of scissors used for tissue separation.
- Operating scissors – Available in operating room or regular use, these are stainless and feature varying blade configurations as mentioned previously.
- Tenotomy scissors – The large finger rings and narrow blades make this a suitable ophthalmic scissor.
- Iris scissors – These are used for ophthalmic, or ocular (eye), surgeries.
- Stitch scissors – A scissor that is hooked specifically for stitch removal.
- Plastic surgery scissors – Available in curved surgical scissors and straight settings, these are for cosmetic enhancement or tissue reconstruction.
Unique Features of Surgical Scissors
You can find scissors at your local home improvement stores or small hardware shops. But the ones that are available to the public are not comprised of the same surgical steel or engineered design as approved surgical grade scissors. In fact, even surgical grade scissors have specifically designed uses that would prohibit the use of them from one surgery to the next.
Below are some of the unique features enjoyed by surgical scissors over their commercial counterparts.
- Approved for operation/surgery.
- Minimally invasive trauma to bodily tissue.
- Most are designed for a particular procedure.
- Engineered to leverage dexterity for maximum effectiveness.
- Blades work jointly to perform complex tasks of hooking, supporting, and cutting simultaneously.
- Titanium and nitonil are durable materials used to make surgical scissors as well as stainless steel.
Knowing the type of surgery to be performed by the scissors and the materials which construct that tool is vital. This information keeps the patients safe and gives clues as to the proper cleaning and maintenance of the scissors to prolong their useful life.