Soil comes in several soil types depending on where it is found and what it is made of or even what it is used for. Soil is where the plants grow in and it is needed to keep our trees and other things in place so there won’t be erosion. Hence, the growth of the plants or the chances of erosion all depends on what soil type is it.

What are the Different Types of Soil?

Soil type classification is used to identify the list of soil types. The two main types of soil classification systems are called vernacular and scientific. The first is used by land specialists and the list of soil types is:

different soil type classifications

  • Red Soil — Red soils comes from an iron rich environment, is low in nutrients, and hard to grow things in.

  • Black Soil – Soil that is very rich in nutrients, usually a form of top soil.

  • Yellow Soil – also means loamy soil

The scientific list of soil is judged by what the soil is made of. It includes:

  • Sandy soil – Sandy soil is granular and is made of rock, small mineral particles and has a gritty texture. It was made from years of rocks such as granite, limestone, shale or quartz being grinded up over many years. It needs lots of water and nutrients to be able to grow plants.

  • Silty soil – Silty soil is very fertile and good for plants. It has more nutrients than sandy soil and feels slick between the fingers. It is made of minerals and organic particles and is smooth and looks like dark colored sand.

  • Clay soil—Clay soil is sticky and holds water more. It doesn’t drain well and so can be bad for plants. It is heavy when wet and you have to add fertilizers to it to use it for plants. It has a lot of minerals in it and is usually formed from disintegrated rocks or as sedimentary deposits after many years.

  • Loamy soil – Soil made with sand, clay and silt in it. It is considered a good soil choice for a garden because it drains well, and is a good choice to mix with other soil when you plant things as it is good for cultivation.

different soil types

  • Peaty soil – Peaty soil is made from decayed organic matter over many years is found in marshes. It is very acidic in nature and doesn’t have many nutrients, so it is not a good choice for planting unless it has fertilizers added to it.

  • Chalky soil – Chalky soil is alkaline and has a lot of rocks in it. It is very dry and not good for planting. The chalky nature blocks nutrients that plants need such as iron and magnesium.

Potting soil on the other hand is not really one of the natural soil types since it is a formulated soil specially made for house plants. It can be one or a mixture of the soil types mentioned about plus soil additives if wanted. Hence, it is very important that one knows the soil type he or she is planting into to ensure good plant grown and yield.