As one of the more malleable metals, oftentimes aluminum alloys are used instead of pure aluminum in structures and construction that needs lightweight yet durable metal. Aluminum alloy’s strength is typically doubled or quadrupled compared to its unprocessed counterpart. In simplest terms, an alloy is a combination of two or more metals. This process is typically to increase the strength over what the metals would have on their own. When casting aluminum alloys, there are two different processes by which this can be done.
The Use Of Aluminum Alloys
Aluminum alloys are used in a variety of ways, they are used to make common everyday items like kitchenware and utensils, to being used in the auto industry to make lighter weight vehicles, to aluminum siding on homes, to use in aerospace, where they are strong enough to withstand the rigorous temperature changes while maintaining their shape. The weak aluminum used to make the soft drink cans can do that much when turned into an alloy compound.
In cold temperature aluminum alloys, the tensile strength of aluminum typically doubles but the heat treatment of aluminum alloys produces a much stronger, much more controlled strength and weight to an alloy that can be rendered when a cold temperature is employed to do the same task. High temperature aluminum alloys are employed to temper the aluminum and allow the alloy to reach a specific mechanical strength. This is typical of aluminum alloys used in the aircraft, shipping, or auto industries. Each of these used the cost effective, lightweight aluminum in many different alloys, depending on the parts that are being crafted from it.
Features Of Aluminum Alloy
There are hundreds of different aluminum alloys being employed in industries across the world today. It’s the features of aluminum alloy that makes it a staple to almost any commercial and industrial application. Below are some of the notable features of aluminum alloy:
- Widely used in numerous applications from small toys to aircrafts
- Recyclable and reusable which makes it a valuable resource in an economy
- Slow to corrode, making it very sought after in the transportation business
- Incredible lightweight makes it an ideal pairing to heavier metals
- Better elastic modulus properties compared to steel making it easier to deform to the desired shape or orientation
- Lower melting point compared to other metals making it a suitable material for small scale usage without needing extremely high temperatures
In an alloy, each metal lends its unique properties, so a heavy and sturdy iron would lend itself well to the softer aluminum and the resulting alloy would be strong, yet lighter in weight that the iron would have been on its own.
With so many applications and uses, it is little wonder that aluminum alloys have revolutionized many industries. It is able to withstand incredible amounts of heat, pressure, and wear and tear without crumpling like the soda can we often think of when we hear the word aluminum. Aluminum alloys are able to withstand an incredible amount of corrosive treatment without suffering from the caustic effects of the environment around them.
One of the most versatile elements on Earth, aluminum has found its way into our homes in surprising ways, and has really made an impact on our environment. The recyclable aluminum alloy has more uses than just the ones we see every day. If you’re looking for aluminum alloy you can use for your science project or a massive construction, these aren’t actually hard to find material and can be simply bought in the local dealer online and offline.