The nature and description of acrylic painting techniques depend largely on the basic characteristics of acrylic paint.
An acrylic paint is versatile, which is why it is the favorite of many painters, particularly those as yet using the acrylic painting techniques for beginners. One can use pure acrylic paint on his artwork, or he may add water to the paint to alter its depth and texture. The paint may also be used on several forms of painting medium. It can work best on a painting canvas, wood, or even on tough paper. It may also be applied on non-traditional painting surfaces such as a cloth. Further, whatever acrylic painting techniques are used, one need not be concerned about the order that acrylic paint is to be applied.
Another characteristic an acrylic paint has which makes it great for use in whatever acrylic painting techniques is its permanent nature. The paint’s color does not change or diminish with time. It does not even grow weak or brittle. Once the paint has dried, with proper care, the painting is sure to last a very long time.
An acrylic paint is also water-based. This characteristic has a great effect in the acrylic painting techniques. Being water-based means that water can be used with the acrylic paint to change its depth and texture. It could also mean that fresh paint on any surface, even on the brush, may be wiped off or cleaned with water. In this line, one ought to note that once the paint has dried, it would be very difficult to remove.
Lastly, acrylic paint dries fast. This is advantageous especially for abstract acrylic painting techniques because a dry acrylic paint may be painted over with the same or different color, without affecting the old one. Due to this characteristic, acrylic painting techniques work their way around this quick-drying feature in order to get the best effect. To illustrate this, the painter needs to work a little faster before the paint dries; and the acrylic paint brushes need to be cleaned immediately after every use. Those who are familiar with acrylic paint techniques would mix varying amounts of water with the paint, or frequently blot their paint brushes with water, to extend the painting’s drying time. Others would use a mister and spray water on the painting to keep it moist.
Here are some common acrylic painting techniques used by artists. Flat acrylic painting techniques involve the usual layering of acrylic paint. The effect is an even display of colors, without any variation in their tone or texture.
There are other acrylic painting techniques that involve the spattering and spraying of paint all over the work area. These methods allow the paint to spread naturally creating fun irregular shapes.
Others would use the scraping and rubbing acrylic painting techniques. These allow the painter to control the texture and depth of the paint on specific parts of the painting. Here, artists use a flat spatula, metal rasp, or any similar looking object or device that could produce the same effect on the artwork. Related to this are the sgraffito acrylic painting techniques, which involve the scratching off an outer layer of paint to reveal an old or dried ground layer.
Watercolor effect acrylic painting techniques are a common method used by artists. This involves mixing water with the paint to produce a transparent or lighter color. Conversely, using acrylic paint as it is produces a brighter opaque or block color.
Finally, for a few artists, they would opt for texturing acrylic painting techniques. This involves taking advantage of another characteristic of acrylic paint, which is that when used thickly, it can work like an adhesive. Here, painters would enjoy sprinkling sand, sawdust, glitters, etc. to add different textures to the painting. This method also sometimes helps to make the painting appear more realistic. You can find several acrylic or oil painting videos online.